Posted in design and architecture, museum, music

Leonardo’s musical instrument

Edoardo Zanon built and plays the first modern harpsichord-viola, based on the designs of Leonardo da Vinci.

From NPR:

More than 500 years ago, Leonardo da Vinci designed a completely new musical instrument. But the harpsichord-viola was just a figment of the his imagination until now.

Industrial designers from Italian firm Leonardo3 have reconstructed the instrument from sketches in Leonardo’s notebooks. There’s a slight problem, though: The mind of the great renaissance genius didn’t count on how noisy the machine would sound.

The premiere of the harpsichord-viola was part of the exhibit Leonardo da Vinci’s Workshop at the Discovery Times Square Exposition in New York. The master’s fabulous inventions are intricately re-created in models and working replicas.

But until last week, the instrument glimpsed in da Vinci’s Codex Atlanticus had never been played. Early music fans assembled in the exhibit for the world premiere of the harpsichord-viola, flanked by the Piffaro Renaissance Band.

Christa Patton, who plays harp in the band, says she was amazed by the new instrument’s beauty during practice. “I think the sound of the [harpsichord] viola is very revealing because it’s very sweet and that’s the sound he had in his ears.”

The harpsichord-viola is about the size of a child’s toy piano. It weighs 33 pounds and straps to the musician’s chest. It’s unlike anything else in the orchestra. It has the strings of a violin but is played with a keyboard, and it’s powered by the musician’s legs as he walks.

Before the first performance, the designers were trying to tune the strings — which isn’t easy, because it’s built with the materials that Leonardo would have had on hand, including wooden pegs and gears run by twine.

Massimiliano Lisa, the CEO of Leonardo3, pointed out how the design is exactly like the rough sketch from 1488.

Read on for more, including the audio story that demonstrates what it sounded like.



Beth Kelley is an applied & digital anthropologist with an overall interest in how people engage with and are impacted by their environments and vice versa. This has manifested itself in many ways, by looking at creativity, playful spaces, built environments, and environmental enrichment, sustainability, design research, and integrative and collaborative models of learning such as through play and hands-on learning.

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